Skip to content


“No exceptional circumstances whatsoever, whether a state of war or a threat of war, internal political in stability or any other public emergency, may be invoked as a justification of torture.”

– Part 1, Article 2 of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (1987)

Torture, cruel inhuman and degrading treatment is not permissible under any circumstances. Many legal experts agree that the conduct of the Bush administration, its officials and agents was illegal, as were their efforts to attain legal consent from highly-ranked personnel for these deeds: “an order from a superior officer or a public authority may not be invoked as a justification of torture.” (Article 2, CAT)